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What is modern slavery?

Bonded labour

Bonded labour refers to a form of slavery where someone must work to pay off a debt or a loan, most commonly to an employer or landlord. 

People may be are born into bonded labour when a family debt has been passed down from another generation. Often it is nearly impossible to repay the loan, and victims may take on additional debt in order to afford basic needs such as shelter, food or medical care.

Bonded labour is frequently found in agriculture, cattle herding, brick kilns, stone breaking, commercial sexual exploitation and domestic servitude. When businesses use unfair recruitment practices or countries have hostile migration policies, recruitment fees or other payments required by brokers or employers often lead to bonded labour. 

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Our work on bonded labour